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Discolouration & Fluorosis

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Discolouration & Fluorosis

Patients suffering from discolouration and fluorosis can often see a change in the appearance of their tooth’s enamel surface.

A common disorder, it affects many across the UK.

Today, treating fluorosis is easily managed with cosmetic procedures.

Mild cases will not require treatment, however, patients who are unhappy with the look of the smiles can turn to cosmetic dentistry for help.

Book a consultation.

What is fluorosis?

A cosmetic condition that affects the teeth, fluorosis is often caused by being overly exposed to fluoride.

Once permanent teeth come in, the teeth may only appear to be mildly discoloured, where only lacy white markings can be detected.

However, in the most severe cases, teeth may have:

  • Heavy yellow or dark brown staining
  • Noticeable dental pits and fissures
  • Irregularities present to the surface of teeth

Whilst, patients suffering from fluorosis tend not to have dental caries, which means the tooth is not affected by decay, patients instead suffer the most from brown staining that can make the teeth look corroded.

Symptoms and causes of fluorosis

The main cause of fluorosis is excessive use of dental products (toothpaste/mouthwash etc) containing fluoride. It can also be caused by taking a fluoride supplement.

Symptoms include:

  • Small white specks
  • Streaks of white
  • Dark brown stains
  • Rough pitted enamel

What can make teeth discoloured?

There are various reasons why teeth may become stained – the main causes of discolouration include:

  • Coffee, tea, soda, wine, particular fruit and veg
  • The use of tobacco
  • Underlying conditions and disease
  • Certain medications
  • Ageing and genetics

Effective teeth whitening procedures

teeth whitening

Teeth whitening can be an effective method to whiten and brighten teeth that may have become stained.

However, when it comes to discolouration or fluorosis, in the majority of cases, if the problem is visible then the condition is already deep-set.

Teeth whitening may help to cover the stains, however, it is not a long-term solution.

It’s important to bear in mind that this all depends on the severity of your condition.

It’s advisable to speak to an expert dentist, who will be able to point you in the right direction to improve your oral health as well as enhance your aesthetics.

Other popular treatments to fix discolouration

1. Veneers

Veneers permanently conceal smile imperfections caused by discoloured and pitted teeth.

Due to advancements in technology, veneers are wafer-thin shells that are resistant to staining. Plus they are known to be strong and very durable.

Involving no shaving, drilling or altering of the tooth shape, veneers are applied to the front surface of the tooth. They will only require roughing of the enamel for it to be cemented securely.

Learn more.

2. Bonding

Using a tooth coloured composite resin, the dentist can apply it to multiple teeth to restore any damage.

One of the most cost-effective treatments, it is cheaper than other cosmetic procedures.

However, this is because it is not considered a permanent option. This is because it is not as strong as porcelain.

Learn more.

3. Crowns

Porcelain crowns are colour matched to your teeth. Crowns, however, in comparison to veneers will require the tooth shape to be altered.

Learn more.

Why cosmetic dentistry?

To enhance the look of your smile and correct any imperfections, cosmetic dental solutions are often the most recommended.

Most procedures also benefit oral health and hygiene as well as aesthetics.

Due to advancements in technology, our cosmetic dentists have been able to take their treatments to the next level by providing our patients with quick and affordable solutions.

Here, at the Gentle Dental, our professional cosmetic dentists are leaders in smile makeovers. We do hundreds every year! Read our reviews here.

Contact us on 020 8224 7562.

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