Types of dentures

Think you’re suffering from a dry socket? It’s a painful dental condition when a tooth is pulled or extracted. Without a blood clot, the tooth removal site is unprotected, exposing the underlying bone and nerve endings in your empty tooth socket. On top of this, a blood clot’s protective layer also contains cells that are essential for the site to heal properly. 

Dentures for different missing tooth cases

Types of dentures:

Partial: Partial dentures can replace several teeth at once but will rely on some natural teeth remaining to fix the prosthesis. Partial dentures are usually plastic, nylon or metal, with several false teeth attached. 

Complete: Complete dentures, full dentures, or false teeth replace an entire jaw or row of missing teeth. Typically constructed from acrylic, they use suction or adhesives to stay in place. 

  • Flexible: Similar to partial dentures, flexible dentures work the same but are made from a different material, like thin thermoplastics like nylon. This means they’re much more aesthetically pleasing than thicker, more rigid acrylics.

Temporary dentures or immediate dentures

Temporary dentures, often called immediate dentures, are fitted straight away after tooth extraction as an option to help patients carry on as normal while waiting for their custom, permanent dentures to be made. 

In some cases, the dentist might recommend them to ease your mouth into wearing dentures, especially if, in the past, you have had problems with sensitive teeth or gums. By not exerting a huge amount of pressure on your remaining natural teeth when eating, temporary dentures allow the mouth to heal without you needing to stop eating the foods you love.

implant-supported denture image

Types of denture materials

Acrylic: Made from plastic, acrylic dentures are often the cheapest and easiest to mould. They can feel rigid but are easier to adjust than metal dentures. 

Cobalt-chrome: Constructed from a light alloy metal that features a metal base plate or framework, which really depends on the existence of natural teeth to ensure a secure fit. Metal dentures use clasps instead of relying on suction to stay in place and are known to have a longer life. 

Porcelain: Whilst acrylic is softer than porcelain, it is not as durable. Porcelain dentures are long-lasting and resist wear better, preserving tooth length for longer, but they can fracture more easily and are more susceptible to staining. 

Different kinds of denture treatment:

Dentures that rely on suction: For patients with a full jaw of missing teeth or experiencing tooth loss, complete dentures secured by suction are often your only option if you do not opt for implant-secured dentures. Sometimes, these dentures cover the palate and are uncomfortable to wear. However, dentures without a palate can often come loose and be uncomfortable to wear as it’s harder for them to stay in place.

Dentures featuring metal clasps: Dentures featuring metal clasps rely on some teeth remaining, which are used to secure the denture. Dentures with metal clasps are often recommended for partial dentures, where you have one or two teeth missing in particular areas and do not wish to replace your missing tooth with a bridge or implant

Palateless dentures: Palateless dentures are secured by dental implants – and they are the only way to have dentures that do not rely on suction if you have a full mouth of missing teeth. Dentures secured by dental implants usually only need three to six implants per jaw to keep the dentures in place, with some treatment options being removable or fixed, depending on your budget and preference. 


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